By Klaus K. Klostermaier

With entries on every little thing from Manu to Gandhi and the Ramesvaram to the Himalayas, this can be a useful reference publication.

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Extra resources for A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism (Concise Encyclopedia of World Faiths)

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Animals Hinduism assumes a difference only in degree, not in nature, between human and animal (and plant) life: humans can be reborn as animals, animals as humans or gods. Certain animals, such as the COW, enjoy an exceedingly high status. Among the divine AVATÄRAS there are several animals such as the tortoise, the fish, the boar, and the halfman half-lion NÄRASIMHA, who are represented in IMAGES and are worshipped. The most famous animal deity is HANUMAN, the leader of the troops of monkeys who helped Räma regain the abducted Sïtä.

Bhütas (‘spirits’, ‘ghosts’) Belief in bhütas is widespread in India and there are many ceremonies designed to free a person from their influence. (See also PRETA). Bhuvaæeÿvara (‘Lord of the earth’) Title of ŸIVA, name of famous temple city in Orissa with some of the largest Hindu temples such as the 11th-century Liögaräja temple. bhuvar, also Bhuvarloka The firmament, the middle region between earth and sky. bibhatsa (‘loathing’) One of the basic sentiments of Hindu aesthetics. It is used in a purely aesthetic sense, and indicates a strong emotional experience.

She was a prolific writer and also wrote an autobiography. Bhadrakälï (‘propitious Kälï’) Name of the goddess DURGÄ. Bhagavad-gïtä (‘Song of the Lord’) A famous philosophical and spiritual poem, often considered the epitome of Hinduism. A dialogue between KØÆŒA and ARJUNA, just before the beginning of the great Bhärata war, it forms chapters 23 to 40 of the Bhï•ma Parvan of Encyclo - Letter B 10/2/03 9:37 am Page 36 Bhägavata Puräæa 36 the Mahäbhärata. Much commented upon by hundreds of Indian authors since ŸA¢KARA (2) (eighth century) and translated into all major languages of the world, it is the best-known Hindu scripture worldwide.

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A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism (Concise Encyclopedia of by Klaus K. Klostermaier
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