By Karel Werner

A multi-purpose reference paintings which should still turn into an necessary significant other for anyone who comes into contact with Hinduism. contains a dictionary of Sanskrit and vernacular phrases; a thesaurus of phrases and ideas; and a survey of the ancient improvement of Hinduism.

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Daśanāmī Order (‘having ten names’) a federation of communities of tracing their origin to . It has four main monastic colleges, centres of Advaitic learning and practice, in four quarters of India: W—at Dvārakā, E—in Purī, N—in Badri and S—in . It is supposed to have ten branches whose names are: (1) Sārasvatī (‘pool’), (2) Purī (‘citadel’), (3) Vana (‘tree’), (4) Tīrtha (‘ford’), (5) Giri (‘hill’) (6) Parvata (‘mountain’), (7) Bhāratī (‘country’), (8) (‘forest’), (9) Āśrama (‘hermitage’), and (10) Sagara (‘sea’).

Although not admitting it, he was influenced to a considerable degree by European liberal ideas. Death in Hindu belief is not the end of life for the individual, but is followed by a new life shaped by previous actions and by the degree of mental development or decline in the course of continuous transmigration. 40 A POPULAR DICTIONARY OF HINDUISM deha body; dehi (‘one who has a body’): one of the designations for the individual ātman or individual ‘soul’ (jīvātman). deva, (cf. Lat. deus) god; a category of beings inhabiting the celestial planes of existence (devaloka), with a hierarchical structure which is not rigidly determined, so that the status and function of individual gods may undergo many variations; the expression is also often used for nature spirits, living in trees and other natural habitats.

Brahma, Brahmā the chief god during the period of Brāhmanism. He was then virtually co-existent with the divine source of reality, the brahman, as Self-existent God and called Brahman (BU 2, 6, 3). He lost much of his importance and following when he became merely the God ‘Creator’, the first of the Hindu Trinity (Trimūrti), with as the Preserver and active ruler of the universe and Śiva as the Destroyer (but also the Lord of Yoga). Reduced to playing an active part only at the beginning of the world cycle, he is often 32 A POPULAR DICTIONARY OF HINDUISM thought of as sunk in cosmic slumber or deep meditation and has to be awakened if he is needed.

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A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism (Popular Dictionaries of by Karel Werner
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