By Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner

The Advances in Chemical Physics series—the leading edge of analysis in chemical physics

The Advances in Chemical Physics sequence offers the chemical physics and actual chemistry fields with a discussion board for serious, authoritative reviews of advances in each zone of the self-discipline. packed with state of the art study pronounced in a cohesive demeanour no longer stumbled on in different places within the literature, each one quantity of the Advances in Chemical Physics sequence bargains contributions from across the world well known chemists and serves because the ideal complement to any complicated graduate category dedicated to the research of chemical physics.

This quantity explores:

  • keep watch over of Quantum Phenomena (Constantin Brif, Raj Chakrabarti, and Herschel Rabitz)

  • Crowded fees in Ion Channels (Bob Eisenberg)

  • Colloidal Crystallization among and 3 Dimensions (H. Lowen, E.C. Oguz, L. Assoud, and R. Messina)

  • Statistical Mechanics of beverages and Fluids in Curved area (Gilles Tarjus, FranCois Sausset, and Pascal Viot)


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Additional resources for Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148

Sample text

2. AFC of Multiphoton Transitions in Atoms Control of bound-to-bound multiphoton transitions in atoms with optimally shaped femtosecond laser pulses provides a vivid illustration of the control mechanism based on multipathway quantum interference. Nonresonant multiphoton transitions involve many routes through a continuum of virtual levels. The interference pattern excited by the multiple frequency components of the control pulse can enhance or diminish the total transition probability. The interference effect depends on the spectral phase distribution of the laser pulse.

Moreover, the AFC approach itself can be used to produce optical fields with prescribed properties [408–421]. A. AFC of Photophysical Processes in Atoms 1. AFC of Rydberg Wave Packets in Atoms In one of the first applications of AFC, in 1999, Bucksbaum and coworkers [422] manipulated the shape of an atomic radial wave function (a so-called Rydberg wave packet). Nonstationary Rydberg wave packets were created by irradiating cesium atoms with shaped ultrafast laser pulses. The atomic radial wave function generated by the laser pulse was reconstructed from state-selective field ionization data using a variation of the quantum holography method [423].

20 constantin brif, raj chakrabarti, and herschel rabitz C. , rotational, vibrational, electronic, reactive, and other processes) [5, 11, 130]. Some recent applications include, for example, control of molecular isomerization [292–295], control of electron ring currents in chiral aromatic molecules [296], and control of heterogeneous electron transfer from surface attached molecules into semiconductor band states [297]. Beyond molecules, QOCT has been applied to various physical objectives including, for example, control of electron states in semiconductor quantum structures [298–300], control of atom transport in optical lattices [301], control of Bose–Einstein condensate transport in magnetic microtraps [302], control of a transition of ultracold atoms from the superfluid phase to a Mott insulator state [303], control of coherent population transfer in superconducting quantum interference devices [304], and control of the local electromagnetic response of nanostructured materials [305].

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Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148 by Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner
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