By Ron Field
The Mississippi River performed a decisive function within the American Civil battle. The accomplice fortifications that managed the reduce Mississippi valley have been positioned to the attempt within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg used to be a fort urban, referred to as the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose catch is frequently obvious because the key to victory within the warfare. This e-book explores the fortifications of the river valley, concentrating on Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding the town and analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications while below siege. additionally tested are various different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour paintings and cutaways.
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Extra resources for American Civil War Fortifications. The Mississippi and River Forts
Regarding the troops in the Federal trenches in front of the Railroad Redoubt, an officer of the 48th Ohio Infantry recalled: Our duty was to dig and man one of the rifle-pits, which was within one hundred yards of one of their main forts. To approach these rifle-pits, tunnels were made through the hills, thus connecting the ravines. The details for pickets and for digging rifle-pits, were always sent to their posts and relieved very quietly during the night. In some places we succeeded in digging the rifle-pits to within a few feet of their fort, being protected from their musketry by large bundles of cane [sap-rollers], that were kept in front while approaching, the enemy in the meantime trying to get possession of the cane by means of hooks attached to long poles, or destroying them by throwing turpentine-balls and setting them on fire, while our men in return would annoy them by throwing hand grenades and short-fuse shells into their fort, which usually elicited quite a spirited conversation between the combatants.
Grant gave his strength, shortly after the siege began, as about 50,000 effectives, and his army was steadily enlarged during the siege operations by reinforcements from Memphis. The Confederate fortifications Fort Hill The series of redans including what was known to the citizens of Vicksburg as Fort Hill stood at the northern end of the Confederate lines. Running along Mint Spring Bluff, they anchored the Vicksburg defenses above the city to the Mississippi River. The main work served as an observation for the Water Battery below, and contained one 3in.
5), and access across the ditch was provided by a single The main illustration (I) shows a two-story blockhouse plank, which was removed when necessary. with a double thickness of logs 18in. in diameter, with an 47 In his Memoirs, Grant stated: In no place were our lines more than six hundred yards from the enemy. It was necessary, therefore, to cover our men by something more than the ordinary parapet. To give additional protection sand bags, bullet-proof, were placed along the tops of the parapets far enough apart to make loopholes for musketry.
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