By Harry Henderson

Cognitive psychology emerged as a discussion among the becoming features of electronic desktops and the examine of human cognition and notion. man made Intelligence (AI) researchers constructed types of notion, reasoning, and information association. This paintings provides images of the lads and ladies within the forefront of this box.

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Additional info for Artificial Intelligence: Mirrors for the Mind (Milestones in Discovery and Invention)

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BEYOND CALCULATION 11 The Turing test invites a person to choose between two hidden communicators— one a human and the other a computer. If the person cannot reliably decide which one is the computer, the machine can be said to have passed the Turing test and demonstrated intelligence. I believe that in about fifty years’ time it will be possible to program computers so well that an average interrogator will have not more than 70 percent chance of making the right identification after five minutes of questioning.

As an alternative to imprisonment, Turing agreed to a course of estrogen injections to suppress the sex drive. Turing’s life began to spiral downward. The side effects of the drug “treatment” were unpleasant, but he seemed to survive them. The revelation of Turing’s homosexuality led to considerable social ostracism. Further, with the cold war well under way, the loss of his security clearance deprived Turing of access to some of the most interesting projects in computer design. Turing struggled to continue his work, which had gone into new fields of mathematics and physics.

Turing struggled to continue his work, which had gone into new fields of mathematics and physics. Turing sought to discover the principles underlying the growth of plants (such as their grouping of leaves following Fibonacci numbers (1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8 and so on). He also renewed his interest in quantum mechanics. Although his friends did not seem to detect anything was wrong, apparently the stress proved to be too much. On June 8, 1954, the house cleaner found Turing’s body with a half-eaten apple beside his bed.

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Artificial Intelligence: Mirrors for the Mind (Milestones in by Harry Henderson
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