By Martellucci S., Chester A.N., Aspect A.

Physics researchers survey the equipment used to provide, control, and research the condensate in dilute atomic gases, that have generated loads of pleasure considering that their experimental demonstration in 1995. They emphasize the predicted improvement of latest different types of resources for the unconventional macroscopic quantum process of coherent atoms. Such resources are having a look progressively more just like some of the varieties of lasers< - >pulsed, CW, mode locked< - >and more likely to produce a revolution just like that sparked via lasers 4 many years formerly. The 23 papers include the court cases of a world college of quantum electronics held in Erice, Italy in October 1999.

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78: 582. 46. , 1998, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82: 3008. 47. , and. , 1999, Science 283: 1706. 48. , 1998, Science 279: 1005. 49. , 1999, Nature 398: 218. 50. , 1999, Science 285: 571. 51. , 1999, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82: 871. 52. Hau, L. , 1999, Nature 397: 594. 53. , 1994, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72: 2375. 54. , 1991, Phys. Rev. A 43: 6444. 55. , 1990, The Theory of Quantum Liquids. AddisonWesley, Redwood City, CA. 56. , 1995. In Bose-Einstein Condensation (A. W. Snoke, and S. ), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.

S. Hall 2. OUR SYSTEM The atom we use in our experiments is 87Rb, the first of the dilute-gas alkalis to be Bose-condensed1. The atomic level structure of 87Rb is shown in Fig. 1. 8 GHz. We shall be exclusively concerned with double condensates in the and states, labeled in the Figure. These two states have nearly identical magnetic moments and may be coupled to one another via a two-photon transition. This two-level system thus constitutes a statistical system. It was not originally thought that condensates in both hyperfine states would simultaneously survive in a magnetic trap because of inelastic collisions.

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Bose-Einstein Condensates and Atom Lasers by Martellucci S., Chester A.N., Aspect A.
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