By M. Fraundorfer

The writer examines Brazil's rising position as a huge actor in numerous sectors of world governance. by way of exploring how Brazil's workout of strength built over the past decade within the sectors of well-being, nutrition defense and bioenergy, this publication sheds gentle at the strength thoughts of an rising state from the worldwide south.

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Extra resources for Brazil’s Emerging Role in Global Governance: Health, Food Security and Bioenergy

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In 2003, UNAIDS and WHO developed the ‘3 by 5’ initiative with the ambitious objective to provide 3 million people living with HIV/AIDS around the world with antiretroviral medicines by the end of 2005 (WHO 2003a). Another financing institution, the International Facility for the Purchase of Drugs (UNITAID), was established in 2006 on the initiative of the governments of Brazil, Chile, France, Norway and the UK (WHO 2010a: 6). The institution aims at further supporting the fight against HIV/AIDS by helping to reduce the price of medicines for those people most affected in developing countries (WHO 2010a: 9).

This appears inconsistent with Brazil’s obligations under Article 27 of the WTO TRIPS Agreement, which requires that patent rights be ‘enjoyable without discrimination as to . . ’ Brazil has stated repeatedly that it disagrees with this interpretation of the TRIPS Agreement. In order to resolve this longstanding difference in views over this issue, as well as to address the concern that other countries may cite the Brazilian ‘local working’ requirement as a justification for proposing similar legislation, the United States is now requesting WTO consultations with Brazil to pursue this single-issue case.

Due to the variation in the connectivity of nodes in scale-free networks, we are also confronted with nodes of different value. 4 In this sense, the concept of nodal governance with a particular focus on those highly connected nodes can be understood as a further elaboration of network theories (Burris et al. 2005, 2008; Castells 2000a, 2000b, 2004; Drahos 2004; Dupont 2004; Kempa et al. 2002; Shearing and Wood 2003; Wood 2006). Castells underlines that ‘[a] network has no center, just nodes’ (Castells 2004: 3) in the sense that ‘[a] network is a set of interconnected nodes [ .

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Brazil’s Emerging Role in Global Governance: Health, Food by M. Fraundorfer
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