By James Meadowcroft, Oluf Langhelle
During the last decade, carbon catch and garage (CCS) has come to the fore with a purpose to deal with carbon dioxide emissions contributing to weather swap. This ebook examines its advent into the political scene, diversified interpretations of its importance as an rising know-how and the coverage demanding situations dealing with executive and foreign associations with admire to its improvement, deployment and rules. the point of interest of the booklet is at the development of arguments approximately CCS within the public sphere, the coalitions of actors who've articulated precise views on CCS and the numerous ideas governments have followed to combine it into weather and effort rules. The authors research the problems decision-makers now confront in encouraging the uptake of the know-how, dealing with uncertainties and regulating attendant dangers. The publication comprises case experiences of the reception of CCS in seven OECD nations, specifically Australia, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, the uk and the us, in addition to the european. advancements within the european shape the topic of an 8th case research. The authors element to the political value of CCS as a mitigation alternative supplying a fashion ahead for fossil fuels in a carbon restricted international, whereas additionally emphasizing the uncertainties that encompass its destiny improvement and deployment. scholars, students and researchers from a wide selection of fields who're attracted to weather switch, strength coverage, and the politics and coverage of our surroundings will locate this ebook illuminating, as will officers and coverage makers in foreign businesses and governments.
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Additional info for Caching the Carbon: The Politics and Policy of Carbon Capture and Storage
And political concerns include the risk that supporting CCS will detract from support and efforts to promote renewables. Overall, however, the environmental community in the US has adopted a general acceptance of CCS and the technology has actually come to play a critical 38 Caching the carbon role in anti-coal environmental claims; the standard line currently is that no new coal-fired power plants should be built in the US unless the CO2 produced at the plant is captured and stored, that is, ‘no new coal without CCS’.
The significant regional differences in energy production and consumption complicate the energy policy landscape and the associated politics, 26 Caching the carbon because very different energy concerns and energy realities emerge in the very diverse states and regions of the country. Distinct differences in the energy landscape can be demonstrated by examining states in different parts of the country. For example, Massachusetts is a typical Northeast state, with high population density, small land area, no noteworthy fossil fuel reserves or production, a relatively high retail price of electricity, and relatively low per capita energy consumption; the state is a net energy importer with about half of its electricity coming from natural gas, followed by coal and then nuclear power.
These include capital and running costs, costs per ton of carbon avoided, and impacts at the plant level as well as effects on consumer electricity prices. Work has been done on the impacts of CCS availability (or otherwise) on GHG abatement costs. The economics of CCS relates directly to technological alternatives – because cost effectiveness is a critical systems design criteria. But it relates also to policy, because the carbon price is not fundamentally a scarcity price, but a price created by regulatory intervention to internalize externalities associated with GHG releases.
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