By Will Fowler
The pronunciamiento, a proper checklist of grievances designed to spark political swap in nineteenth-century Mexico, used to be a tricky but useful perform. even though pronunciamientos hardly ever accomplished the ambitions for which they have been undertaken and occasionally ended in armed uprising, they have been still either celebrated and venerated, and the perceptions and representations of pronunciamientos themselves mirrored the Mexican people’s reaction to those “revolutions.”
The 3rd in a chain of books studying the pronunciamiento, this assortment addresses the advanced legacy of pronunciamientos and their position in Mexican political tradition. The essays discover the sacralization and legitimization of those revolts and in their leaders within the nation’s background and view why those celebrations proved finally useless in consecrating the pronunciamiento as a strength for strong, instead of one influenced via wants for strength, merchandising, and plunder. Celebrating Insurrection deals readers interpretations of acts of party and commemoration that designate the uneasy adoption of pronunciamientos as Mexico’s most well liked technique of effecting political swap in this turbulent interval within the nation’s history.
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Extra resources for Celebrating insurrection : the commemoration and representation of the nineteenth-century Mexican pronunciamiento
In chapter 1, Rodrigo Moreno Gutiérrez analyzes the memory and representation of Rafael del Riego’s pronunciamiento in Mexico during 1820–21. He examines how the news of the constitution’s reestablishment was spread; how public writers interpreted it; and how these commentators projected, reconstructed, and commemorated that political-military history on the eve of Mexico’s independence, considering the role the memory of that pronunciamiento played in Iturbide’s own pronunciamiento of Iguala. We learn how early pronunciados were remembered, commemorated, and celebrated in the press, in songs and pamphlets, and how the representation of Riego’s pronunciamiento — notwithstanding the crown’s attempt to attribute the restoration of the 1812 charter to its own magnanimity — decisively undermined Introduction xxxi the Ancien Regime’s legitimacy and made way for other forms of political negotiation.
In the case of McDonald’s executed pronunciados we discover that they were celebrated both as criminals and as heroic martyrs at distinct moments in time, only to be largely forgotten, depending on who was in power and what political gains could be drawn from condemning them, venerating them, or deliberately forgetting them. Shara Ali’s chapter on how the dangerous and ﬂawed hero Santiago Imán and his pronunciamiento of Valladolid were coopted by the Mérida elite to legitimize and popularize their separate, albeit allegedly supportive local-based coup of 18 February 1840, highlights only too well how the authorities could (and can) manipulate a potentially dangerous and damaging insurrectionary movement to suit their own ends by taking over the revolution in the ﬁrst instance and then pacifying its more radical leaders (in this case Imán) by turning them into part of the establishment as ofﬁcial ﬁgures of veneration.
However, as becomes evident in chapter 2, while the pronunciamiento of Iguala, like that of Cabezas de San Juan, went on to be celebrated, commemorated, and duly venerated, the same cannot be said of its visible author and leader, Agustín de Iturbide. Richard Warren forces us to reﬂect on the importance of the question of selectivity and provides a fascinating study of how, in the case of a ﬂawed hero like Iturbide, sanguinary royalist turned liberator-cum-emperor/tyrant, as the nineteenth century unfolded the establishment gradually found a way of erasing him from the picture, giving prominence to Miguel Hidalgo and the initiators of the 1810 independence movement, and celebrating the Plan of Iguala without mentioning the part Iturbide played in it, attributing the achievements of 1821 to “a general force” rather than a forceful general.
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