By Dipl.-Vw. Karl Ludwig Brockmann, Dipl.-Vw. Jens Hemmelskamp, Dr. Olav Hohmeyer (auth.)
Boycotting tropical bushes reduces its fiscal worth and offers an incentive to burn down forests, making them to be had for next agricultural use or farm animals farming. against this, a certification scheme for sustainability produced trees (tropical or non-tropical) protects the forests via elevating their financial worth.
This examine examines the influence of a certification scheme on German call for for tropical bushes. A partial-equilibrium version is constructed for the German tropical bushes marketplace as a complete in addition to for 5 very important submarkets representing 50% of the full call for. the implications exhibit credible certification scheme can result in an important growth of call for for sustainability produced tropical trees. This holds precise for a scheme constrained to Germany in addition to for an OECD-wide approach.
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Additional info for Certified Tropical Timber and Consumer Behaviour: The Impact of a Certification Scheme for Tropical Timber from Sustainable Forest Management on German Demand
Heiner Ollmann of the Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products in Hamburg. 7 Distribution of Tropical Timber in the Federal Republic of Germany For evaluating the consequences of a certification scheme for the German tropical timber market it is necessary to determine imports, further processing and final utilization of tropical timber in the German timber industry. The next section documents the development of foreign trade of tropical timber products in all stages of processing since 1984.
The second block consists of the costs for an initial inspection and for further ongoing inspections. The costs for a first inspection which might even require expensive satellite photographs are estimated as amounting to approx. 1 US$/ha. Follow-up inspections are considerably cheaper at approx. 4 US$/ha (BRUENIG 1994). 43 US$/ha. 1 m3/ha/year for sustainable timber production this is equivalent to about 0,4 US$/m 3 • The costs per m3 for1he flow control system, according to data provided by Bruenig, depend strongly on the volume because of the large fixed costs component.
1993). Examples of paints containing solvents are alkyde resin paints, cellulose paints and polyester resin paints. Examples of paints containing little or no solvent are powder paints, emulsion paints, emulsion lacquer paints and electrophoretic paints. According to statements made by experts 30 it can be assumed that the majority of the emulsion lacquer paints for buildings listed in the production statistics under the registration number 4641-81 as containing little or no solvent, are labelled today with the Blue Angel.
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