By Elizabeth Anne Benard
This can be the 1st monograph which examines the infrequent Buddhist and Hindu Tantric Goddess, Chinnamasta, her rituals, her names and types (namarupa) and their symbolism via evaluating and contrasting her sadhanas (spiritual practices) in Hinduism and Buddhism. the complete Hindu ''Chinnamastatantra'' part from the Sakta Pramoda, the Buddhist ''Chinnamunda Vajravarahisadhana'' and the ''Trikayavajrayoginistuti'' are translated for the 1st time into English. considering that Chinnamasta is an extraordinary goddess, her texts weren't popularized or made ''fashionable'' in accordance with the dictates of a selected team at a selected time. The earliest extant texts date from the 9th and 10th centuries-a time whilst Hindu and Buddhist Tantras have been constructing lower than universal affects within the similar areas in India. Having such texts approximately Chinnamasta Chinnamasta from those centuries, possible start to comprehend the mutuality of a normal Tantric culture and the exclusivity of a selected Hindu or Buddhist Tantric culture. as a result the examine, not just examines Chinnamasta, but additionally makes an attempt to appreciate what's a Tantric culture.
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Additional info for Chinnamasta: The Aweful Buddhist & Hindu Tantric Goddess
Jia); and ( 1(>)peace offerings and salutation (larpaiJa and namaskara). 6. Worship of eight-petalled lotus deities is worshipping the Goddess' most intimate attendants; no text elaborates on this step. 7. Flower offerings (pu~paiijaH) is an offering of five handfuls of flowers. Though not explicitly stated in tlw text<;, the fiowers Jre offered for attaining purity of mind. These symbolize non-deception (ama_ri). o;:J), non-indulgence in the senses Undriya- nigraha), benevolence (day:i), forgiveness (k'}ama), and wisdom (jriana)Y 8.
M, The Ri"e ofEsoteric Huddhism in "fihcc, Ddhi, Moll Ia I Uanarsidass, rpt. 1978 : 160-62. For ~cneral information abour the gccr ma (hidden texts) traditi(lf1 in Tibetan Buddhism, especially among the Nymgmapa 5ect, sce Gyatso,J, "Si~ns. "7 35. 41. The technical term for this type of consort is karmamudr;i, indicating she is a consort only for sexual yoga, I hereby not ~omrniuing incest. ·i2. IH). ~l'\\; Ddh1. 197 ·1. S. itallon In the aforerncnliuneJ printed t:dition uf a hand written text, one irnportanl \Vord is Jiffcrcnt.
VaJra is her power which he wields. We know the vajra is the weapon of lndra ... in the Veda, the paramount God 7 3 In traditional llindu fashion, Shankaranarayanan seeks to find Chinnamasta's source in the Vedas and stresses the importance of the word vajra in her mantra as a connection with the Vedic god, Indra. Admittedly, Indra is a paramount god in the Vedas and he wields his potent vajra, but the sadhana5 about Chinnamasta do not associate her with lndra nor does she hold a vajra. either in her Hindu or Buddhist form.
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