By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
This booklet explores the good fortune of significant innovation and entrepreneurship clusters in OECD nations, the demanding situations they now face in maintaining their positions and the teachings for different locations trying to construct profitable clusters. What are the foremost elements for cluster good fortune? What difficulties are rising at the horizon? that is the perfect position of the general public area in helping the growth of clusters and overcoming the hindrances? The ebook addresses those and different matters, analysing seven across the world reputed clusters intensive: Grenoble in France, Vienna in Austria, Waterloo in Canada, Dunedin in New Zealand, Medicon Valley in Scandinavia, Oxfordshire within the uk, and Madison, Wisconsin, within the usa. for every cluster, it appears on the elements that experience contributed to its progress, the impression of the cluster on neighborhood entrepreneurship functionality, and the demanding situations confronted for extra growth. It additionally places ahead a collection of coverage ideas geared to the wider context of cluster improvement. This booklet is key interpreting for coverage makers, practitioners and lecturers wishing to acquire strong practices in cluster improvement and assistance on how to augment the industrial impression of clusters.
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Additional resources for Clusters, Innovation and Entrepreneurship (Local Economic and Employment Development)
2008), “The Evolution of Knowledge Clusters: Progress and Policy”, Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 277-289. Iammarino, S. and P. McCann (2009), “Local Innovation Systems: Identification and Policy Analysis”, paper prepared for the OECD LEED Programme, OECD, Paris. , M. Trajtenberg, and A. Henderson (1993), “Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citation”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 108, pp. 557-98. Keeble, D. and F. Wilkinson (2000), High-Technology Clusters, Networking and Collective Learning in Europe, Ashgate, Aldershot.
72, No. 3, pp. 293-313. Marshall, A. (1920), Principles of Economics, 8th edition, Macmillan, London. Martin, R. and P. Sunley (2006), “Path Dependence and Regional Economic Evolution”, Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 395-437. CLUSTERS, INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP – ISBN 978-92-64-04442-5 – © OECD 2009 39 1. , E. Reynolds and A. Reamer (2008), “Clusters and Competitiveness: A New Federal Role for Stimulating Regional Economies”, paper from the Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings, Brookings Institution, Washington DC.
Leti: Leti is a laboratory of the CEA and is one of Europe’s largest centres of applied research in electronics employing around 1 000 people. Leti works very closely with firms and research and education actors in the cluster, and is a major player in the cluster’s flagship projects such as Alliance Crolles 2 and Minatec. ● CNRS Alps delegation: The CNRS Alps delegation is an operation of the national centre for scientific research comprising over 1 600 officials in 9 research institutes. Since 2001 its laboratories in Grenoble have registered 90 patents, signed 46 licences and produced some 25 start-up companies.
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