By David G. Allison, P. Gilbert, H. M. Lappin-Scott, M. Wilson
The examine of biofilm considers the shut organization of micro-organisms at interfaces and the resultant physiological diversifications to the proximity of alternative cells and surfaces. As such, it really is proper to quite a few disciplines, together with medication, dentistry, bioremediation, biofouling, water know-how, engineering, and nutrients technology. even though the habitats studied and their linked mobile groups range greatly, a few universal parts exist similar to approach to attachment, coadhesion, rules of biofilm phenotype, and biofilm structure. This e-book goals to distil the typical ideas of biofilm body structure and development for all disciplines. This quantity will attract the expert in addition to the coed.
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Extra info for Community Structure and Co-operation in Biofilms
Discrete-differential modeling of biofilm structure. Water Sci Technol 39, 115–122. Pratt, L. A. & Kolter, R. (1998). Genetic analysis of Escherichia coli biofilm formation: roles of flagella, motility, chemotaxis and type 1 pili. Mol Microbiol 30, 285–293. Rasmussen, K. & Lewandowski, Z. (1998). Microelectrode measurements of local mass transport rates in heterogeneous biofilms. Water Res 59, 302–309. , Camper, A. & Wilderer, P. A. (1994). Biofilms growing on gas permeable membranes. Water Sci Technol 29, 447–454.
Bradshaw, D. , Marsh, P. , Watson, G. K. & Allison, C. (1997). Evidence for multispecies interactions in oral biofilm development. J Dent Res 76, 1058. Caldwell, D. E. & Lawrence, J. R. (1988). Study of attached cells in continuous flow slide culture. In CRC Handbook of Laboratory Model Systems for Microbial Ecosystems, pp. 117–138. Edited by J. W. T. Wimpenny. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Caldwell, D. , Korber, D. R. & Lawrence, J. R. (1992). Confocal laser microscopy and digital image analysis in microbial ecology.
1g), which continues until naturally occurring shear forces, such as the blinking of the eyelid over a contact lens surface, waves over a marine surface or the mechanical action of a toothbrush, detach the entire biofilm or parts of it. , 1995). If they cannot withstand the shear forces and detach, then the entire biofilm detaches too (Fig. 1h). In certain industrial applications, it is important to maintain a biofilm on a surface (Diks & Ottengraf, 1991). , 1987). , 1990), and in dental plaque, where they may be essential for the balance between re- and demineralization of dental hard tissues.
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