By G.A. Atkinson
Caliber is an important factor to be addressed through all constuction pros operating in Europe this day. This ebook offers transparent, concise assistance to the making and use of codes, rules and technical requisites in Europe.
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Caliber is an important factor to be addressed via all constuction execs operating in Europe this day. This booklet offers transparent, concise information to the making and use of codes, rules and technical requirements in Europe.
Building innovation is a vital yet contested inspiration, either in perform and educational mirrored image and study. A basic reason behind this is often the character of the development itself: the and the worth construction actions happening there are multi-disciplinary, heterogeneous, dispensed and sometimes fragmented.
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Extra info for Construction Quality and Quality Standards: The European perspective
T is therefore noteworthy that the BRS investigators found, in almost all cases studied, that the architects’ specifications had never been followed in their entirety, that copies of variation orders had in no instance been preserved, and that changes of intention could be inferred only from visual evidence in the building;…seldom do accurate records appear to have been kept of alterations made in the course of the contract or subsequently, whether to the plan, to the constructional details or to the services.
Omission to do so frequently causes trouble and expense when the time comes to renew them or the materials in or behind which they run. The BRS team’s view on codes of practice in design, made in a general commentary at the end of the main study, merits recording here: The Codes of Practice in present use are designed to obviate most of the shortcomings of the past and in time they will no doubt bring about a closer approximation between specifications as drafted and buildings as completed. No building of character could, however, be produced merely by following books of rules, dia-grams or the recommendations of committees.
Not regarded by many as an industrialized system, they did in fact make a major contribution to post-war housing programmes, especially in Scotland; and the BRE studies provide a useful addition to our knowledge of their long-term performance. The studies differ from the traditional housing study reported earlier in that the housing had been completed and occupied for many years. Some houses, still in local authority ownership, were being upgraded; others had been sold to occupiers, or handed over to housing associations.
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