By T. Börzel
The ebook explores the position of latest modes of governance in aiding destiny member states to deal with their accession to the eu Union. To what volume have civil society and company assisted the governments of Southern, critical and jap ecu accession nations in taking over the ever extra complete physique of european legislation and laws?
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Extra resources for Coping with Accession to the European Union: New Modes of Environmental Governance (Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics)
However, unlike their CEE counterparts later, Greece, Portugal and Spain were not expected to take on board the entire acquis communautaire, which at the time was much smaller, in order to join the EC (cf. Chapter 3). For them, the challenge of making EC policies work started mostly after accession. In order to help them cope, the Structural Funds provided financial assistance that went far beyond what the CEE accession countries have received since they joined the EU in 2004 and 2007, respectively.
If the policy outcome does not fully correspond to their preferences, it requires the threat of a hierarchically imposed decision to change the cost-benefit calculations in favor of a voluntary agreement (Héritier and Lehmkuhl, 2008a). This is particularly true for the self-coordination of nonstate actors. Business associations or societal networks rarely have sufficient sanctioning capacities to deter opportunistic behavior of their members in the implementation of voluntary agreements (the free-rider problem).
To explore how accession countries have coped with the challenge of adopting and adapting to the EU environmental acquis, we compare six candidate states. While our sample covers all three Southern European The Challenge of Accession 39 countries that joined the EC in the first half of the 1980s, we selected Poland and Hungary as representatives of the accession states that became members in 2004 and also included Romania, which joined in 2007. Since the Southern European countries only started to feel the burden of accession after their admission, we decided to extend the time period of our analysis to the postaccession stage, which also allows for a more direct comparison with the CEE countries and an assessment of postaccession compliance (Epstein and Sedelmeier, 2009).
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