By Hanna Samir Kassab
This e-book stories systemic vulnerabilities and their effect on states and person survival. the writer theorizes that the constitution of the overseas process is a made of the distribution of features and vulnerabilities throughout states. States functionality or behave by way of those systemic threats. the writer examines a few particular case-studies targeting army, monetary, environmental, political and cyber vulnerabilities, and the way diversified states are impacted by way of them. Arguing that present makes an attempt to securitize those vulnerabilities via protective overseas rules are principally failing, the books makes the case for prioritizing financial improvement and human security.
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Additional info for Prioritization Theory and Defensive Foreign Policy: Systemic Vulnerabilities in International Politics
States are not sovereign in the sense that they can do anything. They are constrained by the power of other states. To survive against the military power of other states, states must rely on their capabilities, that is, their power as it is distributed across states. , 192). , 98), which include economic power, military power and other factors such as size of population and territory, political stability and competence. The distribution of capabilities results in three types of capabilities- based systems: unipolar (one hegemonic power), bipolar (two competing hegemonic powers) and multipolar (more than two great/regional hegemonic powers).
Specifically, its estimation of military force that forms the international system neglects to consider non- state threats more generally. This section describes Waltz’s work, which will prepare the way for my own contribution, a modification of Structural Realism to incorporate other structural forces systematically. Waltz’s main motivation was to develop a theory of state behavior by studying generalized patterns of behavior of states and the forces which constrain them. Structural Realism is then a useful analytical tool to explain the phenomenon of war and peace between the great powers in the system.
Thus, just because a state has a large military does not necessarily mean it has the ability to shape the international system in the longer term. We will explore this further in the following section. Thus far, I posit that systemic vulnerability defines greatness and weakness of states. The more vulnerable a state to external shock, be it economic, political or other, the less likely the state will present a long-term threat to others. In this section, I discuss the United Nations’ Economic Vulnerability Index (EVI) to further illustrate the importance of studying systemic vulnerability in the international system.
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