By Santiago Levy
In 1997, Mexico introduced a thorough new software to strive against poverty. at the beginning named Progresa and referred to now as Oportunidades, the progressive application has turn into a big instance of a sustainable and scalable poverty relief procedure within the constructing global. In "Progress opposed to Poverty", Santiago Levy bargains his specific standpoint at the improvement of this system, the explanations for its luck, the demanding situations it faces, and its applicability in different international locations.
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In 1997, Mexico introduced an intensive new software to wrestle poverty. firstly named Progresa and referred to now as Oportunidades, the innovative software has turn into an immense instance of a sustainable and scalable poverty aid process within the constructing global. In "Progress opposed to Poverty", Santiago Levy bargains his special point of view at the improvement of this system, the explanations for its luck, the demanding situations it faces, and its applicability in different international locations.
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Extra resources for Progress against Poverty: Sustaining Mexico's Progresa-Oportunidades Program
Qxd 9/13/06 10:25 AM Page 39 program results 39 Figure 3-1. Double Difference Estimation Variable of interest A B control C program effect treatment E D T T+1 Time Source: Author’s illustration. period before the program, and T+ 1 to the period after (the time elapsed can be any number of months or even years). The vertical axis measures the value of the variable of interest (say, the rate of infant mortality, consumption of meat, years of schooling, number of visits to a health clinic, and so on).
S. ) First, program expenditures rose substantially. Second, operating expenses stabilized at around 6 percent of the total budget, except during the first year, when many of the initial outlays were made. Accordingly, of every fiscal peso earmarked for the program, a full ninety-four centavos represent a direct benefit to families; of that amount, eighty-two centavos are a direct monetary transfer and twelve centavos are in-kind transfers, mainly for nutritional supplements. Note that these figures do not include the costs of health and education provision, which are part of the normal budget of the ministries of health and education, respectively.
But in some urban areas that was not the case, as it was no longer feasible to visit and gather data for all households in all localities. Hence, a new method based on the preliminary self-selection of families into the program was introduced. In urban areas where it was infeasible to visit all households, program modules were set up, and families could voluntarily come to the module and request incorporation into the program. At this module a short survey would be completed, followed by a longer survey applied directly at the household.
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